What is Exploding Head Syndrome? 

Exploding Head Syndrome is a rare but scary occurrence that can happen to some people when they are asleep. It involves a loud and sudden noise or sensation that can make the person feel like their head is exploding. It can be quite alarming and confusing, which is why it’s essential to understand what causes this condition. In this blog post, we’ll explore the common causes of exploding head syndrome and what can be done to prevent it.

Stress and Anxiety

Stress and anxiety are some of the most common causes of Exploding Head Syndrome. This condition usually occurs during periods of high stress or anxiety, such as during exams, work presentation, or public speaking. The sudden noise or sensation may be due to the brain’s response to the physical and emotional stress that is being experienced. Learning relaxation techniques such as meditation or talking to a therapist can reduce the occurrence of EHS.

Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders such as sleep paralysis and insomnia can make a person more prone to experiencing Exploding Head Syndrome. When the body is not well-rested, the brain can become more sensitive to stimuli, which can cause EHS. People who have a chronic sleep problem should seek medical attention for treatment, which can help reduce the risk of experiencing Exploding Head Syndrome.


Some medications, such as antidepressants, can increase the risk of experiencing EHS. This is because they cause changes in the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain, which can lead to overstimulation. If you think your medication is causing EHS, you should talk to your doctor about adjusting or changing your prescription.

Other underlying conditions

Sometimes Exploding Head Syndrome can be a symptom of underlying conditions such as Meniere’s disease, migraines, or head injuries. These conditions cause changes in the brain that can lead to EHS. If you are experiencing EHS and have an underlying condition, you should seek medical attention and receive proper treatment.


Exploding Head Syndrome has been shown to run in families, indicating a genetic predisposition to the condition. Researchers have found that the condition is linked to certain genes, which can affect the way the brain processes information. Further research is needed to understand the specific genes involved in Exploding Head Syndrome.

Exploding Head Syndrome is a rare but disturbing experience that can happen to anyone. While it cannot be cured, understanding its causes can help reduce the risk of experiencing it. If you are experiencing EHS, it’s essential to speak to a healthcare provider to get proper treatment and reduce the negative impact it may have on your daily life. By treating underlying conditions and practicing relaxation techniques, you can reduce the frequency and severity of Exploding Head Syndrome.

By Richard